One of the most common problems dentists see is periodontal disease. It is more often referred to as gum disease, and it is the more advanced stage of gingivitis. It occurs when too much harmful bacteria accumulate in the mouth, and it can lead to serious oral health problems if it is not treated promptly. Here are the basics of what you need to know about this condition and why you need to see our dentist in Miami immediately.
In the early stages of gum disease, the condition may be asymptomatic. However, as it progresses, you will gradually begin to notice more problems with your teeth and gum tissue. Some of the most common symptoms you need to be wary of include:
- Teeth feeling loose
- Deep pockets forming between gums and teeth
- Gum decreasing in size
- Bad breath developing around the mouth all the time
- Gums becoming tender, red or swollen
- Gums bleeding any time you brush or floss
Many people do not notice any of these. That is why it is critical to see your dentist once every six months. Even if you do not notice the symptoms, a dentist will look to see if there are any underlying issues.
There are several ways people develop periodontal disease. The most common is due to an accumulation of plaque, which occurs when people do not brush their teeth often enough. Hormonal changes could also be to blame. Pregnancy, puberty and ovulation increases the number of bacteria in the mouth, allowing gingivitis to form easily.
Certain medications can exacerbate oral health problems. Some medicines dry out the mouth. Saliva plays an important role in regulating the health of your mouth. Smoking is also a major contributor to gum disease.
During your visit at our office there is a few items to look at, the best way to evaluate your oral health will be taking xrays. The dentist will inspect the firmness of your gums to see if they are tender at all. Additionally, the dentist will look to see if the gums bleed easily after some basic flossing.
The dentist will also check to see if the teeth move at all. Your teeth should remain firmly in place no matter what. If they wiggle even a little bit, then it is cause for concern. In some cases, the dentist may need to take an X-ray to see if any damage has occurred to the bone that surrounds the teeth.
Visiting your dental office and getting your teeth cleaned at least twice a year will definetely avoid periodontal problems. Although our office provides various treatments to deal with gum disease, prevention is always the best course of action. You should floss your teeth once daily and brush at least twice a day. You may also want to consider incorporating mouthwash into your daily routine.
You also need to maintain a healthy diet. Having the right nutrients in your diet will boost your immune system, so it is better capable of fighting off toxins. You should stop any negative habits contributing to the periodontal disease, such as teeth grinding and smoking.